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Escape. Exodus. Exile.
A TRT World Interactive

Escape. Exile. Exodus.

Logo https://interactives.trtworld.com/refugee-day

The Global Refugee Crisis

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Caption: Drone footage of war-torn Aleppo taken in 2018. The city suffered heavy loss of life and extensive damage to its infrastructure, beginning with the use of indiscriminate barrel bombs by the Syrian Assad regime. 
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Mediterranean Sea, August 2020: The Sea-Watch 4 had 201 survivors on board and was denied a place of safety after EU and maritime authorities again turned a deaf ear to the cries of people in distress at sea, despite being over six hours away.
Photo by Hannah Wallace Bowman
Courtesy of Médecins Sans Frontières

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As of June 2021, over 178 million people worldwide have contracted Covid-19.

Groups like the Rohingya and many others who live in confined, unsanitary spaces have been hard-hit by the virus. They also face food and economic insecurity, and struggle to find access to basic health services.







Caption: Video footage documents Rohingya refugees escaping to Bangladesh, and their living conditions in Cox Bazaar refugee camp.
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A girl holds her young brother in a displaced people’s camp in northern Abs, Yemen on April 2019.
Photo by Gareth Al Maqaleh
Courtesy of Médecins Sans Frontières
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An estimated 35 million (42%) of forcibly displaced people are children below 18 years of age.






A six-day-old baby girl, rescued with her mother and brother two days earlier from a wooden boat, sleeps in a makeshift crib in the women's shelter on board the Ocean Viking. Mediterranean Sea, September 2019.

Photo by Hannah Wallace Bowman
Courtesy of Médecins Sans Frontières

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Afghanistan, Somalia and Yemen remain active hotspots of displacement.

Video: Ethiopia's conflict explained

Ethiopia saw more than one million internally displaced persons, while more than 54,000 people fled the Tigray region into East Sudan.

In northern Mozambique, hundreds of thousands fled deadly violence, with eye witnesses on the ground reporting multiple human rights violations. 

Article: Sahel violence pushes 29 million to the brink

In Africa's Sahel region, nearly 750,000 were displaced in the world's fastest growing regional humanitarian crisis.

Video: Syria, a decade of conflict

Conflict and turmoil in Syria entered its tenth year on February 21 2021.

The conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia impacted civilian populations drastically, displacing tens of thousands of people.

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Sub-zero temperatures, lack of access to potable water, heating and hygiene facilities make death and disease from exposure far more likely for refugees.
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Drone footage of Mosul, Iraq in 2017.

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Some 251,000 refugees were able to return to their country of origin in 2020. This is the third lowest number of the past decade, continuing a trend of fewer returns over the last two years.

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In the early phase of the pandemic, UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration put on hold resettlement departures for several months amid border and travel restrictions around the world.

With numbers having risen to more than 82 million, the question is no longer if forced displacement will exceed 100 million people – but rather when.









Newly-arrived Syrian refugees aboard a bus operated by the International Organization of Migration. November 2019.
Photo by Moises Saman. Courtesy of of Médecins Sans Frontières.

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